In looking at the sciences, anti-sciences, and pseudosciences, I have been able to identify three categories of scientists. I include people who are not scientists per se, but use science in their professions, such as MDs and engineers. All such professionals have gone through a long training, leading to a degree that involves a post graduate experience. I exclude self-proclaimed “scientists” who read an article or two in the Discover Magazine or Reader’s Digest, and decide that they can challenge relativity or quantum theory!
- Those who are doing mainstream science.
- Those who bend the mainstream.
- Those who leave the mainstream and turn into crackpots.
All scientists start out in the first category. Scientists like Galileo, Newton, Maxwell, Dalton, Crick & Watson, Planck, Einstein, … belong to the second category.
Scientists in the third category may once have been accomplished scientists in the first category, however, for various reasons, they left the mainstream science, and with it, science itself.
People like Fritjof Capra, Brian Josephson (despite his Nobel Prize), Geoffrey Chew, Stephen Wolfram (despite his Mathematica), Rupert Sheldrake, Deepak Chopra, Andrew Weil, Dr. Oz, and many others, by their own admission, are no longer mainstream scientists. And certainly they don’t belong to the second category!